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    Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems Project
  APFAMGS Project :  
Institutional Intervention is integrated with technical component for managing groundwater depletion. A multi layer inclusive institution that is vertically integrated has been thought of in the project. Ground water Management Committee (GMC) has been conceived to be a village level institution of the farmers-men and women. Several GMC's within a given hydrological boundary join together to form a Hydrological Unit Network (HUN).

The GMC, HUN are the critical instruments for providing the “demonstration effect” of the learning's from the project to the larger community of farmers beyond the project area. The institutions have equal membership of men and women. These institutions have provided good opportunities for women to come forward and lead in specific areas, while in many situations enabled men and women to come together and take actions leading to good impact. Literacy has never been a criterion which determines participation, particularly since the project emphasizes NFE methods for every aspect of implementation.

Over the years all the Hydrological Unit level institutions have been provided with legal cover, which provides them the status to receive



Structure of the project

Project ActivitiesGlobal Relevance of APFAMGS Project Project USPPeople's InstitutionsGender ManistreamingEnhancing Farmers KnowladgeParticipatory Hydrological Monitoring (PHM) Farmers Water Schools Crop Water BudgetingReduction in Groundwater Pumping Abstaining from PaddyCrop DiversificationUse of Water Saving DevicesFood Security and NutritionEmergence of Local Groundwater GovernanceCreation of Trained Manpower Optimization of Food Flows Through Artificial groundwater Recharge (AGR)Geographic Information System (GIS)Data Base (HRIS+)Information KioskAPFAMGS websiteImpact of Project Implementation Benefits of adopting Crop Change Farmer's Reflections

Future Work Plan


funds as well as carry out business activities. Most of the people's institutions continue to perform their roles with distinction and have achieved varied levels of maturity, prompting the local NGO's to hand over major responsibilities to the people's Institutions to run the programme of reducing groundwater misuse and ensure its sustainability.

The project has strong gender interface keeping the practical and strategic gender needs at the core. Gender in the project, occupies a cross cutting space encompassing all the components and processes. The project has approached to bridge the gender gap as well as help in establishing self esteem and confidence.

The gender approach implies that attitudes, roles and responsibilities of men and women are taken into account, that it is recognized that both sexes do not necessarily have same access to or control over resources, that work benefit and impacts may be different for both groups. The gender approach in this project created that open mindedness and aimed at the fullest participation of both women and men.

Women who are active partners in the project are married and are highly responsible in meeting both basic as well as strategic needs. Gender sensitization helped men and women to understand their roles and responsibilities and widen their thinking from routine assumptions. Support from men in women participation is a great achievement in the project. The other influencing family members were also sensitized through different gender modules that extend their support by assisting women to have space and time to attend to common good things. Though the initiation was small the starting point has been crucial.

Non literate women form major segment, through participatory trainings these women have been enabled to understand technologies and face challenges. The education level is quite high from illiterate to post graduation which also reflects that the project with its high technical component could equally attract the attention of variety of women. The project addressed both practical gender needs, such as improving women's conditions through the provision of water and sanitation closer to their houses, as well as strategic gender needs: improving women's position in society by increasing her awareness of her situation and her capacity to take decisions and influence change.

The greatest strength of the APFAMGS project is to offer to the farmers knowledge about their own water resources and how these can be managed, and the means to collect, and analyse data related to its availability and distribution. The data collection, management and analysis are done by the farmers themselves. The farmers have the freedom to decide how they want to use the knowledge. No solutions are provided to the farmer participants. Farmers are enabled to deliberate on the new knowledge to innovate or adopt appropriate interventions that would help them improve crop water efficiency, reduce wastages, contain groundwater level decline and minimize pollution of water sources.

Capacity enhancement and training is the foundation upon which the project has been built. Capacity enhancement and training activities have been planned for the all the different components of the project. These activities are timed in relation to the hydrological year. In addition, need based training is also conducted. Formal and informal techniques are used as per the subject and target group. These techniques include cultural shows, practical training, exposure visits, exchange visits and workshops. Training is given in all aspect of implementation, to ensure that the activities fulfill the purpose and there is as much uniformity as possible across the project.

At the community level, there are various levels and types of capacity enhancement activities, from creating awareness in the community, to technical training related to recording rainfall, and measuring draft from observation wells. Information and knowledge is imparted to the community through awareness generation programmes, using local folk art forms such as the kalajatha, which has emerged as a powerful and effective medium of communication.

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