The State of Andhra Pradesh experiences high climate variability. Some districts in the state are particularly prone to frequent droughts. The negative impacts of droughts threaten agricultural production and the livelihoods of rural communities in the state. With climate change, rainfall is expected to decrease and become more variable in the drought-prone districts. This will be accompanied by a significant decrease in runoff, water scarcity and a decline in crop yields. The capacity of the communities to cope with the impacts of current climate variability is weak. Limited knowledge and information on local impacts of climate change will hamper the ability of communities to adapt to climate change.
The development objective of the proposed project is to increase the knowledge and capacity of communities to adapt to climate variability and change in seven drought-prone districts of Andhra Pradesh. The global environmental objective is to contribute to knowledge building and experience in integrating climate change adaptation in sustainable land and water management in drought- prone areas. The project will help build the skills and tools for communities to integrate climate adaptation into sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices.
The project has been structured into three main components:
(i) information tools for decision making and local institutional capacity development;
(ii) pilots on adaptation measures integrated into SLMW practices;
(iii) platform for scaling up climate change adaptation measures suitable for drought prone areas.
Project outcomes will include:
(i) farmers and community based organizations make informed decision on land and water management based on scientific and local knowledge taking into account impacts of climate variability and change;
(ii) farmers have acquired skills in managing climate risks through participation in climate change schools;
(iii) adequate adaptation technologies and practices piloted and best practices identified;
(iv) package of best adaptation tools and practices documented and disseminated to support scaling-up .
The proposed project is a three year project with a total budget of USD 3 762 654 of which GEF will provide USD 909 091.
BIRDS-SPACC project is working to strengthen the knowledge and capacities of communities to respond to climate variability and change impacts in pilot hydrological units (HUs) in seven drought- prone districts of Andhra Pradesh from the year 2011. BIRDS-SPACC has been working in Rudravaram Mandal of Kurnool district for the past two years through an innovative farmer driven grass-root level environmental action, which takes into account the effects of climate variability and change. Climate Change Adaptation Committees (CCAC) at village level and CCAC at HUN level are the key institutions to monitor the PCM Stations and implementation of FCS and SLWM pilots. The following activities were carried out from the year 2011 to 2012.
- CCAC committees were formed in 18 villages of Pilot HU by name Chinneru.
- Organized Vision building exercise for all CCACs at Village level. Every CCAC has a vision to cope with the climate variability.
- PCM stations were established to collect weather data (Rainfall, Temperatures (Max, Min), Temperatures (Wet and Dry, Evaporation rate, wind speed and direction and sunshinehours).
- Identified PCM volunteers for regular collection and record of weather data.
- Established display boards to display the weather data for the rest of the community in the village
- Cultural shows (Kalajatha) were organized in all pilot villages to create awareness on climate variability and its impacts, and the activities of the SPACC project.
- Six FCS (Farmer Climate Schools) were organized and created awareness on the impacts of Climate variability on crop production and human health.
- Implementation of SLWM Pilots to improve soil health and to promote climate resilient agricultural practices.