Project Results Framework

Component 1: Participatory Hydrological Monitoring

Outcome 1: Hydrological Unit Networks (HUNs) in five districts make informed decisions on agriculture livelihoods taking into account water availability.

Output 1.1: Local monitoring systems of hydrological monitoring operating

Indicator a): Database of GP monitored data on groundwater levels, surface flow, rainfall and other meteorological parameters; in addition to secondary data on evapotranspiration for all land uses, drinking water and irrigation water usage, etc. for the 52 Hydrological Units spread over 5 districts.

Activity 1.1.1 Orient Gram Panchayat (GP) office bearers on hydrological monitoring and discuss integration of water monitoring into the GP agenda

Activity 1.1.2: GMC meetings with participation of GP office bearers

Activity 1.1.3: Federate Gram Panchayats at the Hydrological Unit (HU) level for commonality of vision (HUN meetings)

Activity 1.1.4 Repair / Replace PHM equipment and display boards

Activity 1.1.5: PHM data (primary and secondary) collection and dissemination

Activity 1.1.6: Maintenance of PHM equipment

Activity 1.1.7: Data classification and entry

Activity 1.1.8: Data collection on PHM impact (Average crop yields, water harvested, water consumed and saved, etc.) 

Indicator b): Soil moisture and soil organic carbon content improved in 52 HUs

Activity 1.1.9: Benchmarking of soil moisture status using bio-indicators

Activity 1.1.10: Soil nutrient analysis using the services of government departments for assessing the nutrient status in individual fields. 

Indicator c): Demand-side Water Management (DSWM) Plans using water balance/accounting and water audits prepared for 52 HUs facilitated through GPs

Activity 1.1.11: Conduct water-balance and accounting * 

Activity 1.1.12: Analyse water accounting performance indicators **

Activity 1.1.13: Conduct Water Audit workshops ***

Activity 1.1.14: Develop DSWM Plans for each HU

Activity 1.1.15: Conduct DSWM adoption survey

Output 1.2: PHM data disseminated

Indicator a): GPs and Farmers in 52 HUs have access to PHM data for improving water-use efficiency and reducing water pumping

Activity 1.2.1: Design data applications for dissemination of PHM data

Activity 1.2.2: Design applications for analysing PHM data

Activity 1.2.3: Disseminate PHM data

Component 2: Water Governance

Outcome 2: Gram Panchayats of 11 HUs in Kurnool district actively manage water resources, including problem solving of issues related to drinking and irrigation water, through improved water monitoring and ensure adherence to demand-side management plan

Output 2.1: Gram Panchayats of 11 HUs in Kurnool district take lead in water governance

Indicator a): GPs of 11 HUs have DSWM plans in place


Activity 2.1.1 Vision building workshops

Activity 2.1.2 PRI Office bearers promote Demand Side Management through linkages with government programmes

Activity 2.1.3 Develop water sharing norms

Activity 2.1.4 Design water sharing arrangements

Activity 2.1.5 Develop DSWM plan for each GP and consolidate the plans at HU-level

Activity 2.1.6 Implement DSWM plan

Component 3: Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)


Outcome 3: Farmer Producer Organizations improve individual farmers access to agriculture inputs, markets, and technology for judicious crop-water management

Output 3.1: Farmer Producer Organizations operational in Kurnool district

Indicator a): List of HUNs registered as FPOs

Activity 3.1.1: Formation of FIGs

Activity 3.1.2: FIGs Training

Activity 3.1.3: 11 HUNs in Kurnool district reorganized as FPOs

Activity 3.1.4: 11 FPOs Orientation Training

Indicator b): Market plans of 11 FPOs operational

Activity 3.1.5: FPOs meet regularly to discuss functioning of PHM data collection and dissemination,

Activity 3.1.6: FPOs – District level functionaries workshops 

Activity 3.1.7: FPOs undertake market survey to identify input suppliers, credit sources, warehouse facilities, processing and packaging facilities, potential markets for their agriculture produce

Activity 3.1.8: FPOs prepare a market plan

Activity 3.1.9: FPOs undertake market operations of agriculture produce 

* Water balance and accounting will be conducted using the data collected in previous activity (indicator a). 

** Performance indicators in water accounting will be analysed to understand water availability status and water utilization pattern and identify opportunities for better water management and planning as per Molden (1997) & Molden and  Sakthivadivel (1999). Overall water accounting analysis will be conducted to determine how productivity can be increased per unit of process depletion, how non-process depletion and uncommitted outflows can be reduced by adopting proper management strategies like introducing improved irrigation methods, water harvesting structures, water reuse etc. while preserving committed outflows.

*** A multi-stakeholder forum will be formed to undertake the water audit exercise and it will take a lead role in communicating the findings from the water audit analysis to a wider audience including the government. Water audit will be conducted to identify, adapt or develop solutions to priority problems that are politically, socially and culturally acceptable; take account of biophysical limitations and challenges; and recognize wider policy imperatives. Resources, Infrastructure, Demand/Access framework (RIDA) will be used to analyse and assess water related issues as part of the water audit exercise. Next, the existing water policy and governance system will be analysed using a customized set of governance principles and indicators similar to the one mentioned in “Planning a governance assessment: A guide to approaches, costs and benefits” UNDP (2009).


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