GwGPRI-AP Project

Rules of the game defined at the PRI Level

  • Groundwater pumping
  • Deepening/new drilling of bore wells
  • Water security for farmers in water distress
  • Water sharing norms to prevent new drilling/ deepening
  • Water conservation
  • Prevent borewells from going defunct
  • Monitoring water quality
  • Crop changes
  • Food security and nutrition

Groundwater Monitoring through PRI

  • PRI – closest administrative unit accessible to all well owners
  • GP the lead agency
  • Funds from Government
  • Ownership of infrastructure, data with GP
  • VWSC to interphase with GMC and expanded to include all different stake holders
  • GP Federation at Block Panchayat (HUN) and district (ZP)

Hydrological Monitoring network

  • Strengthen/upgrade the existing hydrological monitoring network.
  • Monitor all the components: Groundwater, Surface water, Drinking Water, Other water use
  • Primary
  • Rain-gauge
  • Stream Gauge
  • Groundwater Level
  • Groundwater Pumping
  • Irrigation Water Use (individual crop)
  • Drinking Water (Piped Water Supply Scheme)
  • Soil Moisture
  • Evaporation
  • Evapotranspiration

Establishment of Hydrological Monitoring Network

Monitor all the components: Groundwater, Surface water, Drinking Water, Other water use Secondary

  • Census Data
  • GP Data- Water, Health,  Nutrition
  • Weather Data from Mandal HQ
  • Data from Ground Government departments,
  • Agriculture data
  • Whole sale, Retail Market Price

Water Audit for improved water governance

  • Identify reasons for water scarcity
  • Develop Solutions to manage risks cutting across sectors 
    1. Crop Water Balance- Groundwater Estimation in partnership GWD, Agriculture
    2. Surface Water Balance in partnership with MI department
    3. Drinking Water –Demand & Supply- in partnership with PHE
    4. Other Critical Water use- Agriculture, others
    • Implement the water audit at GP level
    • New Knowledge leading to behavioural change 

    Self-Regulating Groundwater Development through PRI

    • PRI  trained in data collection, analysis, interpretation through Farmer Water Schools
    • PRI analyze monitoring  data at Block Panchayat (federation of 5 GP) for estimating groundwater budget
    • Advise well owners on best groundwater development practiced (forecast risks associated with various crop plans)
    • Implement sustainable crop plans and efficient drinking water supply
    • Counsel well-users against over-abstraction, improved water-use efficiency
    • Canvas groundwater sharing approaches
    • Enforce groundwater regulations on defaulters
    • Prevent borewells from going defunct
      1. Improve efficiency, O&M; Reduce over-use; Manage pumps and wells
    • Control deepening or drilling of new wells
      1. New knowledge leading  to  reduced water well construction
      2. Prevent contamination of water
      3. Improve sanitation; Prevent industrial disposal of effluents; Reduce inorganic fertilizer pesticide usage
      4. Conserving water locally
      5. Integrate with watershed programme; Rain water, Roof water harvesting; Artificial recharge; Basin scale recharge
      6. Crop diversity
      7. Maximize Crop diversity
      8. Distribute water demand across multiple crops

    Governance

    • Participation (inclusiveness of all stakeholders)
    • Fairness (rules apply equally; equitable distribution of resource)
    • Decency/ Dignity (responsive, consensus)
    • Accountability—for what they say and do
    • Transparency—clarity and openness
    • Efficiency & Effectiveness (without unnecessary waste, delay or corruption)

    Two-tier Management Framework

    • 1 Gram Panchayat with 5 habitations – Micro Watershed
    • 5 Gram Panchayats – 1 Block Panchayat – 1 Drainage Unit
    • Data collection (each GP)
      1. 1 Drinking well data-water level, quality, discharge data (real time automated)
      2. 10 Irrigation well data- water level, water quality, discharge, irrigation, crop water use
      3. Soil Moisture Data – using Bio indicators
    • Data collection (Federation of 5 GP)
      1. Crop water budget
      2. Stream Flow
      3. Crop water economics- economic output per unit water

    Farmers Producer Organization at Block Panchayat level

    • Farmers Interest Groups around similar crops
    • Input sourcing and output aggregation
    • Establish community warehouses
    • Promote organic farming & certification
    • Promote Water Smart Agriculture (more crop per drop)
    • Promote climate resilient /drought resilient crops

 

     

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